Historically, flags originated as military standards and were used as field signs. The practice of flying flags indicating the native land beyond the context of warfare became typical with the marine flag, introduced during the age of sail, in the very early 17th century.
The national flag is often, but not constantly, stated or defined in a country’s constitution, yet its detailed description might be passed on to a flag regulation passed by the legislative, and even second regulations or in monarchies a mandate. The flag of the United States is not defined in the constitution, however instead in a different Flag Resolution passed in 1777.
Really often, the colors utilized in a flag represent the major values of that country (or other entity). Black often represents determination, ethnic heritage, and/or beating one’s enemies. Blue frequently stands for freedom, perseverance, justice, success, peace, and/or nationalism.
There is no main assignment of significance or importance to the colours of the American flag. Nevertheless, Charles Thomson, assistant of the Continental Congress, in explaining the proposed Great Seal, suggested the adhering to symbolism: “White symbolizes pureness and also virtue, Red, strength & valour, and Blue … indicates vigilence, perseverence [sic] & justice.” Just like lots of other national flags, the “Stars and Stripes” has long been an emphasis of patriotic belief. Countless children have typically stated the Pledge of Allegiance to the Flag at the beginning of each class day, and also the lyrics of the nationwide anthem are additionally about the flag. Some experts’ groups have actually pressured legislators to adopt laws or a constitutional modification restricting flag desecration, however such regulations has been opposed because it would certainly infringe on the constitutionally ensured civil liberty.
A change in national flag is usually due to a change of power or regime, especially adhering to a civil war or revolution. In such instances, the military beginnings of the national flag as well as its connection to political belief (form of federal government, monarchy vs. republic vs. theocracy, etc.) stays visible.
After the American Revolution began, the first informal national flag – known as the Continental Colours (or, improperly, as the Grand Union Flag or the Cambridge Flag) – was lifted at Prospect Hill in Charlestown (now in Somerville, Mass.) on Jan. 1, 1776; it was raised, it appears, at the wish of Gen. George Washington, whose head offices were close by. The flag had 13 straight stripes (probably of red and white or of red, white, and blue) and, in the canton, the initial version of the British Union Flag (Union Jack).
In 1818, after 5 more states had actually been admitted, Congress established regulation pertaining to a new flag, calling for that henceforth the number of red stripes need to remain 13, the number of stars should constantly match the number of states, and also any kind of brand-new star should be added on the July 4 following a state’s admission. In all, from 1777 to 1960 (after the admission of Hawaii in 1959) there were 27 versions of the flag: 25 involving changes in the stars only. An executive order of Oct. 29, 1912, standardized the ratio and proportion and also loved one sizes of the aspects of the flag; in 1934 the exact shades of colour were standardized.